Time-dependent effects of EDTA on dentin structures.

By Calt S, Serper A. 

Date: 04/2003
Journal: JOE

Summary: 

Purpose: to evaluate the effect of EDTA on smear layer removal and on the structure of dentin, after 1 and 10 min of application.

N= 6 extracted single-rooted teeth

Materials/Methods:

•Teeth were instrumented to #60.

•Apical and coronal thirds of each root were removed, leaving a 5 mm middle third that was then cut longitudinally into two equal segments.

•Using 10 ml of 17% EDTA solution, halves belonging to the same root were irrigated for 1 and 10 min, respectively.

•All specimens were subjected to irrigation with 10 ml of 5% NaOCl. Then all the specimens were prepared for SEM evaluation.

Most highlighted Results:

  • 1 min EDTA irrigation is effective in removing the smear layer.
  • However a 10-min application of EDTA caused excessive peritubular and inter-tubular dentinal erosion.

Clinical significance:

EDTA followed by NaOCl completely removed the smear layer in 1 min.

Irrigation with EDTA should not be prolonged >1 min during endodontic treatment.