Mineral trioxide aggregate as repair material for furcal perforation: case series.

By Pace R, Giuliani V, Pagavino G.

Date: 01/2008
Journal: JOE


Evaluate the success rate of furcal perforation repairs using MTA without an internal matrix.


  • N= 10 cases.
  • Furcal perforation cases were selected at the department of Endodontics, University of Florence. All the perforations were cleaned with NaOCl, EDTA, and ultrasonic tips and sealed with MTA without internal matrix. The teeth were endodontically treated and coronally restored. Clinical and radiographic follow-ups were done at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years.


  • After 5 yrs 9 out of 10 teeth had no radiolucencies and were free of clinical symptoms.
  • The 10th patient wasn’t able to be recalled beyond 1 yr.

Clinical Significance:

Repairing furcal perforations with MTA is associated with a good short-term (5 yr) clinical outcome.