Root canal morphology of the human mandibular first molar

By Skidmore AE and Bjorndal AM

Date: 12/1972
Journal: Oral Pathology Journal


Purpose: To investigate the morphology of the root canals of extracted human mandibular 1st molar.

N=  45 extracted mandibular 1st molars from 17-22 years old patients.


  • Teeth were accessed and root canals were debride
  • Teeth placed in a 3% solution of H2O2 for 3 weeks.
  • Polyester casting resin stained with a red pigment was placed in the pulp chamber of each tooth to make plastic casts of the root canals.
  • Teeth were decalcified in a 35% nitric acid for 10 days.

Most highlighted Results:


Clinical significance:

Dentists must always look for a 2nd  canal in the distal root of a mandibular first molar. The knowledge that high percentage of teeth contains transverse anastomoses is essential for adequate irrigation activation