Association between chronic apical periodontitis and coronary artery disease.

By Costa TH, de Figueiredo Neto JA, de Oliveira AE, Lopes e Maia Mde F, de Almeida AL.

Date: 01/2014
Journal: JOE

Purpose:

Investigate if there an association between chronic apical periodontitis and coronary artery disease

Materials/Methods:

N=103 patients underwent coronary angiography (52 men, 51 women; mean age 62)

Prevalence of Chronic apical periodontitis (CAP)- 41.7 % and Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)- 65 % (Patients were categorized having  CAD if they had coronary artery obstruction > 50 % in at least 1 coronary artery)

Exclusion criteria: > 2 months after exam.

Evaluation: Angiography and full mouth series of radiographs

Results:

Patients with CAP had a 2.79 times higher risk of developing CAD

Clinical Significance:

In these patients, the presence of CAP was independently associated with CAD